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White Papers

Ethernet MAC (media access controller) Implementation on Hardware: Bursting the bubble

Ethernet MAC (media access controller) Implementation on Hardware: Bursting the bubble

Media Access Control (MAC) is the lower sub-layer of the Data Link Layer (Layer 2) of OSI model. The MAC ...
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UVM Tips and Tricks White Paper

UVM Tips & Tricks

UVM is the most widely used Verification methodology for functional verification of digital hardware (described using Verilog, System Verilog or ...
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USB Host

USB Host

Implementing an embedded system with a USB host support can be a challenging task. This paper will provide software guidelines ...
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MST Function In DisplayPort

Multi-stream in Display Port

Display Port is high speed serial Interface used to connect a Video source to a Display Device.DP is a Packet ...
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Atmospheric Turbulence White paper

A Real-time Algorithm for Atmospheric Turbulence Correction

Atmospheric turbulence poses a significant problem in fields like long range surveillance and astronomy. This paper presents an algorithm for ...
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Heat transfer and flow simulation in PCB White paper

Heat Transfer & Flow Simulation in PCB

The loss of heat from the surface of a PCB to the ambient air is difficult to compute as many ...
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Designing Digital Testing solution using FPGA White Paper

Designing Digital Testing Solutions Using FPGAs

With requirement of transferring high data throughput with low power consumption, high speed digital protocols are becoming more and more ...
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DDR3 Routing Topology

DDR 3 Routing Topology

Double data rate three (DDR3) is a type of dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) released in June of 2007 as the ...
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PCI Express 3.0 Equalization: The Mystery Unsolved

PCI Express 3.0 Equalization: The Mystery Unsolved

PCI Express (PCIe) Gen 3.0 is the next generation general-purpose I/O interconnect standard. It aims to provide 8GT/s bit rate ...
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Digital Signaling and Their Inter-conversion

Digital Signaling and Their Inter-conversion

Nowadays we face many ICs which have different interfaces like LVPECL, LVDS, CML, LVCMOS, TTL, HSTL etc. While designing a ...
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